Home » Best Places in Ukraine

7 Wonders of Ukraine: Great Khortytsia Island

27. August 2009 by Gregg 0 Comments

Great Khortytsia Island

Great Khortytsia Island was voted one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine in 2007 due to its significance in the history of Ukraine. Although inhabited for at least 5000 years, the island first came to significance as part of a trade route between Scandinavia, Kievan Rus and The Byzantine Empire in The Middle Ages.

 

In the 16th Century, the island became a military stronghold for Cossacks during their war with the Ottoman Empire and was supposedly the site that the legendary “Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire” was written. The island continued its role as a major factor in the Ottoman Empire’s military advances for hundreds of years as the Russian Tsardom usurped the Cosssacks and used Great Khortytsia Island in a similar manner.

 

The Island was made a National Park in 1914 and houses the Zaporozhian Cossack museum which contains exhibits from as far back as 750BC. The Island is located in what is today considered the city of Zaporizhia, itself historically significant as the site of a major battle during the Second World War.