Kiev Pechersk Lavra, or “Monastery of the Caves” was founded in 1015 by St. Anthony of Kiev, one of the first Russian monks who had established the Monastic practice in Kiev after the area had first started its conversion to Christianity. The Monastery was founded in a cave in a mount near the Dnieper River and grew after the mount was given to the monks by Iziaslav I of Kiev, grandson of Prince Vladimir the Great.
Today, the monastery has grown and the area contains some of the most important structures in Eastern Christianity, such as the Near Caves where important Russian and Ukrainian figures such as Ilya Muromets and Nestor the Chronicler are buried, The Great Lavra Belltower which is still one of the most notable Kiev landmarks and various Churches and Cathedrals.
The Kiev Pechersk Lavra is seen as one of the largest and most important museums of Ukrainian history, as the monastery contains well over 100 architectural relics and various other museums are located around the monastery including the State Museum of Books and Printing of Ukraine, Lavra Museum of Microminiatures and the Museum of Historic Treasures of Ukraine.
The Monastery was voted one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine in 2007 due to its historical status and its role as one of the most important museums in the country. It was also made a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its cultural significance to the world.