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Moscow's The Cathedral of the Assumption

7. October 2009 by Kari 0 Comments

The Cathedral of the Assumption, located in Moscow’s Kremlin, has a long and intriguing history behind it. Being the oldest church in the city, this church has been built and rebuilt many times. Known as the protector of Russian Orthodoxy when first built in 1326, today’s church has five aesthetically pleasing domes to one’s eyes on the outside and just as pleasing decorative lime walls inside. This particular church replaced more ancient churches, one being made of wood and the other being made of stone.

Again becoming worn down in the late 1400s, Ivan III demanded that a new church be built, which would be representative of Moscow’s new rank in the world as a place of power and strength.  The church is where the 1’st Russian Czar was crowned. Ivan the Terrible was also crowned here, as well as all of the emperors from 1721 onwards. In addition, kings and queens are buried on the church’s grounds, and Napoleon’s army housed his horses on the property in 1812. The church maintained a sense of dignity remaining undamaged by Bolshevik and White Troops as shots were fired between the two groups in 1917. The following year, the church was once again opened for Mass. The mass took place when the Bolshevik government came under the control of Moscow.

Shortly afterwards the church was officially shut down under Lenin. However, it was up and running again in 1989. During this year, a mass was held to celebrate the Russian Patriarchate, which at that point had been intact for 300 years. This place of worship became even more popular in the 1990’s when a museum was added for the purpose of displaying the church’s clear and dynamic history.

A must see place in Moscow, this church’s captivating beauty with a sense of historical significance is sure to have something for everyone to enjoy!