Home » Culture and History

Today in 1922 - The USSR is Formed

30. December 2009 by Admin 0 Comments

Today marks an important day in Russian history. On December 30, 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formed after the fall of the Russian Empire as a result of the Russian Revolution of 1917. The USSR existed until 1991, when it was dissolved by referendum and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was born.

Initially established as a union of four Soviet Socialist Republics, the USSR grew to contain 15 constituent or "union republics" by 1956, including the Ukrainian SSR. From 1945 until 1991, the USSR was considered a superpower and influencer in the global agenda of economic policy, foreign affairs and military operations. Also during this time, USSR had the second-largest economy (after USA) and was the largest country in the world (Russia still is).

The Soviet Union was one of the world's most ethnically diverse countries, with more than 200 distinct ethnic groups within its borders. The total population was estimated at 293 million in 1991, having been the 3rd most populous nation after China and India for decades.